Commercial Pilot's Licence (CPL) Multi-Engine Aeroplane
PA34 Senece II
PA34 Instrument Panel


The Modular Commercial Pilot's Licence (Aeroplanes) multi-engine flying course is designed for those candidates who do not wish to undertake a full time course of integrated training or who wish to stagger their training by completing approved modules of training over a period of time

Licence Issue and Experience Requirements

An applicant for a CPL (A) must have completed 200 hours of flight time, including:

(a) 100 hours as PIC

(b) 20 hours of VFR cross-country flight time as PIC including a cross-country flight totalling at least 540 km (300 nm) in the course of which full-stop landings at two aerodromes different from the aerodromes of departure shall be made

(c) 10 hours of instrument dual instruction time of which not more than 5 hours is to be in an FNPT I / II or FFS

(d) 5 hours of flight time at night comprising at least 3 hours dual instruction including 1 hour cross-country navigation and 5 solo take-offs and full stop landings

(e) 6 hours of flight time shall be completed in a multi-engine aeroplane (see note)

(f) Part Med.A.030 states that a Class 1 medical certificate is required for the holder/applicant of a CPL (A)

(g) Part FCL.055 Language proficiency states an aeroplane, helicopter, powered-lift and airship pilots required to use the radio telephone shall not exercise the privileges of their licences and ratings unless they have a language proficiency endorsement on their licence in either English or the language used for radio communications involved in the flight. The Operational Level (Level 4) is the minimum required proficiency level for radiotelephony communication

(h) Have completed an approved CPL (A) theoretical knowledge course comprising at least 250 hours of instruction and passed the theoretical knowledge examinations appropriate to the privileges of the holder of a CPL (A) in accordance with the requirements in Part FCL

Note: This is only required for those taking the CPL Skill Test on a multi-engine aeroplane

Rating and Experience Credits (Refer CAP804 and Part FCL)

An applicant for a CPL holding a CPL in another category of aircraft shall have received theoretical knowledge bridge instruction on an approved course according to the differences identified between the CPL syllabi for different aircraft categories. The applicant shall then pass theoretical knowledge examinations in the following subjects in the appropriate aircraft category:
# Aircraft General Knowledge: Airframe and Systems, Electrics, Powerplant, Emergency Equipment
# Aircraft General Knowledge: Instrumentation
# Performance Aeroplanes
# Operational Procedures
# Principles of Flight

An applicant for a CPL having passed the relevant theoretical examinations for an IR in the same category of aircraft is credited towards the theoretical knowledge requirements in the following subjects:
# Human Performance
# Meteorology

Applicants holding a valid IR (A) shall be fully credited towards the dual instrument instruction time

Applicants holding a valid IR (H) shall be credited up to 5 hours of the dual instrument instruction time, in which case at least 5 hours dual instrument instruction time shall be given in an aeroplane

An applicant holding a Course Completion Certificate for the Basic Instrument Flight Module shall be credited with up to 10 hours towards the required instrument instruction time. Hours done in a BITD shall not be credited

Applicants with a valid IR shall be given at least 15 hours dual visual flight instruction

Hours as PIC of other categories of aircraft may count towards the 200 hours flight time for licence issue, in the following cases:
# 30 hours in helicopter, if the applicant holds a PPL (H)
# 100 hours in helicopters, if the applicant holds a CPL (H)
# 30 hours in TMGs or sailplanes
# 30 hours in airships, if the applicant holds a PPL (As)
# 60 hours in airships, if the applicant holds a CPL (As)

Pre-Course Entry Requirements

Before being permitted to begin the On-Track Aviation approved course of training the candidate shall have the appropriate pre-course entry requirements as detailed below:

(a) Hold a PPL (A) issued in accordance with Annex 1 to the Chicago Convention

(b) Have completed 150 hours flight time

(c) Have completed 70 hours PIC on aeroplanes

(d) Passed the theoretical knowledge examinations appropriate to the privileges of the holder of a CPL (A) in accordance with the requirements in Part FCL

(e) Hold a night rating aeroplane (see note)

(f) Hold a valid Class 1 medical certificate

Note: This is an On-Track Aviation requirement as night flying at Wellesbourne Mountford Aerodrome is restricted to the winter months only and then only on selected days of the week

Flight Training

18 hours of single engine (PA28 Warrior) dual flight instruction and 7 hours of multi-engine (PA34 Seneca II / III) dual flight instruction. The 25 hours of dual flight instruction shall include 10 hours of instrument instruction. Flying on the course may be counted towards the experience requirements for licence issue

Theoretical Knowledge Examination - Multi-Engine Aeroplane

Pass a written examination consisting of 50 multiple choice questions covering aspects of multi-engine operations and aircraft type specific limitations. The pass mark is 75%

CPL (A) Skill Test

On satisfactory completion of all the related flight training, theoretical knowledge examinations and licence issue experience requirements the candidate can undertake a CPL Skill Test with an FE. The duration of the flight shall be at least 90 minutes.  The contents of the Skill Test include:

Section 1 Departure
Pre-flight including: Flight planning, Documentation, Mass and Balance determination, Weather brief, NOTAMS
Aeroplane inspection and servicing
Taxiing and take-off
Performance considerations, trim
Aerodrome and traffic pattern operations
Departure procedure, altimeter settings and collision avoidance
ATC liaison – compliance, RTF procedures

Section 2 General Airwork
Control of the aeroplane by external visual reference including straight and level, climb, descent, lookout
Flight at critically low airspeeds including recognition of and recovery from incipient and full stalls
Turns including turns in landing configuration. Steep turns 45 AOB
Flight at critically high airspeeds including recognition of and recovery from spiral dives
Flight by reference solely to instruments including:
# Level flight, cruise configuration, control of heading altitude and airspeed
# Descending and climbing turns with 10-30 AOB
# Recovery from unusual attitudes
# Limited panel instruments
ATC liaison – compliance, RTF procedures

Section 3 En-Route Procedures
Control of the aeroplane by external visual reference including cruise configuration and consideration of range/endurance
Orientation and map reading
Altitude, speed, heading control and lookout
Altimeter setting, ATC liaison – compliance, RTF procedures
Monitoring of flight progress, flight log, fuel usage, assessment of track error and re-establishment of correct tracking
Observations of weather conditions, assessment of trends and diversion planning
Tracking and positioning (NDB or VOR), identification of facilities (instrument flight) and implementation of diversion plan to alternate aerodrome (visual flight)

Section 4 Approach and Landing Procedures
Arrival procedures, altimeter settings, checks and lookout
ATC liaison – compliance, RTF procedures
Go-around action from low height
Normal landing, crosswind landing (if suitable conditions)
Short field landing
Approach and landing with idle power (SE only)
Landing without the use of flaps
Post flight actions

Section 5 Abnormal and Emergency Operation
(This section maybe combined with sections 1 through 4)
Simulated EFATO (at a safe altitude) and fire drill
Equipment malfunctions including:
# Alternative landing gear extension
# Electrical failure
# Brake system failure
Forced landing (simulated)
ATC liaison – compliance, RTF procedures
Oral questions

Section 6 Simulated Asymmetric Flight
(This section maybe combined with sections 1 through 5)
Simulated engine failure during take-off (at a safe altitude unless carried out in a FFS)
Asymmetric approach and go-around
Asymmetric approach and full stop landing
Engine shutdown and restart
ATC liaison – compliance, R/T procedures
As determined by the FE - any relevant items of the class/type rating skill test to include: (if applicable)
# Aeroplane systems including handling of autopilot
# Operation of pressurisation system
# Use of de-icing and anti icing system
Oral questions

Minimum Age

An applicant for a CPL (A) shall be at least 18 years of age


The EASA CPL is a non-expiring “lifetime” licence. Once issued the licence is held unless it is provisionally suspended, suspended or revoked by the issuing authority or is surrendered by the holder. However, for the licence to be valid for any particular flight the medical certificate and relevant aircraft ratings must be valid


Part FCL.305.CPL states the privileges of the holder of a CPL are, within the appropriate aircraft category, to:
# exercise all the privileges of the holder of an LAPL and a PPL
# act as PIC or co-pilot of any aircraft engaged in operations other than commercial air transport
# act as PIC in commercial air transport of any single-pilot aircraft subject to the restrictions specified in Part FCL.060 and in Subpart D
# act as co-pilot in commercial air transport subject to the restrictions specified in Part FCL.060

Note: Article 62(5) of the ANO renders the EASA CPL (A) to be a valid licence with the same privileges for non-EASA aeroplanes


UK CAA Standards Document 3
CAP 804
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011


On-Track Aviation Limited: Wellesbourne Mountford Aerodrome, Loxley Lane, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire. CV35 9EU, United Kingdom
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