Class Rating Examiner (CRE) without Instrument Rating Revalidation (IRR) / OPC
Piper PA28 Warrior II
Cessna 208 Caravan

Piper PA28R Cherokee Arrow II

DA42 Twin Star

General

On-Track Aviation can provide single engine and multi-engine Class Rating Examiner (CRE) training courses without Instrument Rating Revalidation (IRR) privileges. If required Operator Proficiency Check (OPC) privileges can be included in the course. The training is conducted at On-Track Aviation at Wellesbourne Mountford Aerodrome, Warwickshire, UK. The assessment of competence is conducted by a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner at a mutually acceptable location

All applicants considering becoming a CRE shall apply to the CAA in the first instance. If the applicant's qualifications meet the Part FCL requirements then they will receive a letter enabling them to complete the CRE course

The applicant will be assessed throughout the training course as well as during the assessment of competence

Aims

The aims of CRE course are:

(a) To ensure that the applicant has the skill and potential to become a CRE

(b) To brief the CRE requirements, responsibilities and revalidation requirements

(c) To emphasise the principles of standard examiner techniques

(d) To add OPC privileges (if applicable)

Objectives

The applicant must be able to:

(a) Demonstrate a pre-flight and post flight briefing to include facilitative skills and CRM / TEM

(b) Demonstrate how to conduct a flight test and ground examination

(c) State the privileges of the CRE

(d) Describe the CRE revalidation requirements

(e) Explain the how to complete the flight test documentation and administration

(f) Correctly assess the applicant's performance including teaching and non-teaching skills

Pre-Entry Requirements

(a) Hold a CPL (A), MPL (A) or ATPL (A) with single-pilot privileges or have held it and hold a PPL (A)

(b) Hold a CRI or FI certificate for the applicable class or type

(c) Have completed 500 hours of flight time as pilot of aeroplanes

(d) Demonstrate to the authority relevant instructional experience on the class or type or, in exceptional circumstances, an equivalent type for which authorisation is sought

In addition, the following material should be studied prior to starting the course:

EASA Part FCL, ARA, ORA including AMC and GM
CAA Flight Examiners Handbook
EASA Flight Examiners Manual
UK CAA Standards Documents 14, 21
CAP 804
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011
CAA Communication - Safety Directive, Safety Notice, Information Notice
Part CAT, NCC, NCO, SPO, SPA including associated AMC and GM and Company Operation Manual Part D (if OPC privileges required)

Training

Complete a training course at an ATO covering the following:

Day 1

Introduction and plan for course

Examiner authorisations and requirements
# Appointments
# Validity
# Standardisation
# Who may test whom
# Authorisation restrictions

Basic examining techniques and the role of the examiner
Flight Examiners Handbook/Flight Examiners Manual
UK CAA Standards Documents 14, 21
CAP 393 ANO
EASA Part FCL, ORA, ARA including AMC, GM and Appendices
CAA Communication - Safety Directive, Safety Notice, Information Notice
L & TS Approvals / Approvals Support - LTSApprovals@caa.co.uk

Review of examiner core course
Demonstration of knowledge (Quiz)

Flight test documentation and administration
# Flight crew licence - checking and making entries
# Pilot logbook - checking and recording of flight time
# Medical certificate
# Identification
# For renewal of lapsed ratings - approved course completion certificates
# Class and type rating test/check report forms and examiner’s record
# Notification of failure form
# Insurance
# Personal data protection
# Appeals against conduct of flight tests

Arrangements for the conduct of skill tests and proficiency checks
# Booking and arranging tests and checks
# Use of aeroplanes - equipment, documents, maintenance, serving, insurance, DFT approval
# Use of aerodromes - licence and unlicensed
# Planning and briefing facilities
# Test fees
# Delays, rescheduling, rebooking

Day 2

Review of previous day's training

Purpose of test
# Initial class or type rating
# Revalidation or renewal of a class or type rating
# Schedule and format - sections and items to include
# Profile (order of events) and selection of route
# Oral examination

Examiner briefing format and techniques
# Initial briefing
# Applicant planning
# Main briefing
# Aide memoire
Sample briefings by tutor
Practice briefings by CRE applicant - review

Conduct of flight exercises
# Examiner conduct - acting as passenger, keeping notes, directing the sequence of events, intervention, briefing, lookout
# Handling of simulated emergencies and abnormal procedures - scenario, realism, safety
# Termination of flight test
# Repeat manoeuvres
# Use of GPS, autopilot, flight director (where fitted)
# Tests/checks in aircraft with:
Single Power Lever Control (SPLC)
Integrated instrument/avionics displays
Electronic Flight Instruments System (EFIS)
Traffic Information Service (TIS)
Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS)

Actions after flight
# Assessing performance against requirements
# Identifying, assessing and debriefing CRM and TEM
# Debriefing techniques, technical errors, non-technical errors, facilitation
# Failure of skill test and proficiency check - privileges affected
# Re-test requirements
# Re-training - recommended versus mandatory
# Completion of test report form and licence / log book entries
# Statistical records
Sample debriefing by tutor
Practice debriefing by CRE applicant – review

Conduct of tests and checks in FNPTII or FFS
# What is permitted
# Role of examiner
# Generating and maintaining a sense of realism

Day 3

Review of previous day's training

Practice skill test (VFR) by CRE applicant with tutor acting as test candidate – review

OPC requirements (examiners seeking OPC privileges only)
# Company Operations Manual Part D
# Part CAT, NCC, NCO, SPO, SPA including associated AMC and GM and Temporary Guidance Leaflets (TGL) e.g. TGL 44
# Demonstration of knowledge (Question and Answer)
# CRMI training - assessment of non-technical skills and facilitation debriefing techniques

Practice OPC (VFR) by CRE applicant with tutor acting as test candidate – review

Final comment and recommendation for assessment of competence

Briefing on the format of the CRE assessment of competence

CRE Assessment of Competence

On successful completion of the training a recommendation will be made for the applicant to complete the assessment of competence. This must be carried out within 6 months of completion of the training. Failure to do so will result in the need for extra training
.
The applicant will be required to conduct an class/type rating skill test with a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner acting as the test applicant

Applicants wishing both SE and ME privileges will be required to conduct the skill test in the complex aeroplane, normally the ME aeroplane

Applicants adding ME privileges to an CRE certificate will only be required to conduct a ME class/type rating skill test

The class/type skill test schedule is given below

Where OPC privileges are sought an additional assessment of competence will be conducted as an observed OPC in accordance with the Company Operations Manual Part D. Applicants seeking privileges to conduct OPC will also be required to demonstrate skills as a CRMI

Class/Type Skill Test/Proficiency Check Schedule

Section 1 Departure
Pre-flight including: Documentation, NOTAM, Mass and Balance, Weather briefing
Pre-start checks: External and Internal
Engine Starting: Normal and Malfunctions
Taxiing
Pre-departure checks: Engine run-up (if applicable)
Take-off procedure: Normal with Flight Manual flap settings, Crosswind (if conditions available)
Climbing: Vx / Vy, Turns onto headings, Level off
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 2 Airwork (VMC)
Straight and level flight at various airspeeds including flight at critically low airspeed with and without flaps (including approach to Vmca when applicable)
Steep turns: 360º left and right at 45º bank
Stalls and recovery:
(i) Clean stall
(ii) Approach to stall in descending turn with bank with approach configuration and power
(iii) Approach to stall in landing configuration and power
(iv) Approach to stall, climbing turn with take-off flap and climb power (SE only)
Handling using autopilot and flight director (may be conducted in Section 3) (if applicable)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 3A En-Route Procedures (VFR)
(Section 3A shall be completed to revalidate a type or multi-engine class rating, VFR only, where the required experience of 10 route sectors within the previous 12 months has not been completed. Section 3A is not required if section 3B is completed)
Flight plan, dead reckoning and map reading
Maintenance of altitude, heading and speed
Orientation, timing and revision of ETAs
Use of radio navigation aids (if applicable)
Flight management (flight log, routine checks including fuel, systems and icing)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 3B Instrument Flight
(This section is not flown for CRE without IRR)

Section 4 Arrival and Landings
Aerodrome arrival procedure
Normal landing
Flapless landing
Crosswind landing (if suitable conditions)
Approach and landing with idle power from up to 2000 ft above the runway (SE only)
Go-around from minimum height
Night go-around and landing (if applicable)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 5 Abnormal and Emergency Procedures
(This section may be combined with sections 1 through 4)
Rejected take-off at a reasonable speed
Simulated engine failure after take-off (SE only)
Simulated forced landing without power (SE only)
Simulated emergencies: Fire or smoke in flight, System’s malfunctions as appropriate
Engine shutdown and restart at a safe altitude if performed in an aeroplane (ME only)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 6 Simulated Asymmetric Flight
(This section may be combined with sections 1 through 5)
Simulated engine failure during take-off (at a safe altitude unless carried out in FFS or FNPT II)
Asymmetric approach and go-around
Asymmetric approach and full stop landing
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Validity

36 months

Revalidation

(a) Conduct 2 skill tests/proficiency checks/assessments of competence within each year of the validity of the certificate

(b) Conduct 1 test in the final year as an observed or dummy test with a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner

(c) Attend an examiner seminar in the final year of validity of the certificate

Renewal

(a) Complete a skill test/proficiency check/assessment of competence as an observed or dummy test with a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner

(b) Attend an examiner seminar

Privileges (CRE without IRR)

Conduct skill tests for the issue of class ratings and SP type ratings (except for SP HPCA type ratings)

Conduct proficiency checks for revalidation and renewal of class ratings and SP type ratings (except for SP HPCA type ratings)

Sign certificates in respect of class ratings and SP type ratings for revalidation or renewal

Conduct OPC (when training and the assessment of competence includes OPC)

Conduct tests and checks in a FSTD (when training and the assessment of competence includes an FSTD)

References

CAP 393 Air Navigation Order (ANO)
CAA Flight Examiners Handbook (FEH)
EASA Flight Examiners Manual (FEM)
CAA Standards Documents 14, 21
CAP 804
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011
Part CAT, NCC, NCO, SPO, SPA including associated AMC and GM
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On-Track Aviation Limited: Wellesbourne Mountford Aerodrome, Loxley Lane, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire. CV35 9EU, United Kingdom
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