Class Rating Examiner (CRE) with Instrument Rating Revalidation (IRR) / OPC
Piper PA28 Warrior II
Cessna 208 Caravan

Piper PA28R Cherokee Arrow II

DA42 Twin Star


On-Track Aviation can provide single engine and multi-engine Class Rating Examiner (CRE) training courses with Instrument Rating Revalidation (IRR) privileges. If required Operator Proficiency Check (OPC) privileges can be included in the course. In addition those already holding CRE certificates may add the IRR privilege. The training is conducted at On-Track Aviation at Wellesbourne Mountford Aerodrome, Warwickshire, UK. The assessment of competence is conducted by a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner at a mutually acceptable location

All applicants considering becoming a CRE shall apply to the CAA in the first instance. If the applicant's qualifications meet the Part FCL requirements then they will receive a letter enabling them to complete the CRE course

The applicant will be assessed throughout the training course as well as during the assessment of competence


The aims of the course are:

(a) To ensure that the applicant has the skill and potential to become a CRE with IRR

(b) To brief the CRE with IRR requirements, responsibilities and revalidation requirements

(c) To emphasise the principles of standard examiner techniques

(d) To add OPC privileges (if applicable)


The applicant must be able to:

(a) Demonstrate a pre-flight and post flight briefing to include facilitative skills and CRM / TEM

(b) Demonstrate how to conduct a flight test and ground examination

(c) State the privileges of the CRE with IRR

(d) Describe the CRE with IRR revalidation and renewal requirements

(e) Explain how to complete the flight test documentation and administration

(f) Correctly assess the applicant's performance including teaching and non-teaching skills

Pre-Entry Requirements

(a) hold a CPL (A), MPL (A) or ATPL (A) with single-pilot privileges or have held it and hold a PPL (A)

(b) hold a CRI (A) or FI (A) certificate for the applicable class or type

(c) hold an IRI (A) (see note)


(c) FI (A) certificate with the privileges of FCL.905.FI(g) (see note)

(d) have completed 2000 hours of flight time as pilot of aeroplanes and 450 hours of flight time under IFR of which 250 hours shall be as an instructor (see note)

(e) Demonstrate to the authority relevant instructional experience on the class or type or, in exceptional circumstances, an equivalent type for which authorisation is sought

Note: Applicant's wishing to add IRR privilege to a CRE certificate shall meet these requirements before starting the course of training

In addition, the following material should be studied prior to starting the course:

EASA Part FCL, ARA, ORA including AMC and GM
CAA Flight Examiners Handbook
EASA Flight Examiners Manual
UK CAA Standards Documents 14, 21
CAP 804
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011
CAA Communication - Safety Directive, Safety Notice, Information Notice
Part CAT, NCC, NCO, SPO, SPA including associated AMC and GM and Company Operation Manual Part D (if OPC privileges required)


Complete a training course at an ATO to include integrated theoretical knowledge, synthetic and flight training. Typically 3 hours of synthetic training and 1 hour of flight training. The theoretical knowledge training syllabus is illustrated below:

Day 1

Introduction and plan for course

Examiner authorisations and requirements
# Appointments
# Validity
# Standardisation
# Who may test whom
# Authorisation restrictions

Basic examining techniques and the role of the examiner
Flight Examiners Handbook/Flight Examiners Manual
UK CAA Standards Documents 14, 21
EASA Part FCL, ORA, ARA including AMC, GM and Appendices
CAA Communication - Safety Directive, Safety Notice, Information Notice
L & TS Approvals / Approvals Support -

Review of examiner core course
Demonstration of knowledge (Quiz)

Flight test documentation and administration
# Flight crew licence - checking and making entries
# Pilot logbook - checking and recording of flight time
# Medical certificate
# Identification
# For renewal of lapsed ratings - approved course completion certificates
# Class and type rating test/check report forms and examiner’s record
# Notification of failure form
# Insurance
# Personal data protection
# Appeals against conduct of flight tests

Arrangements for the conduct of skill tests and proficiency checks
# Booking and arranging tests and checks
# Use of aircraft (equipment, documents, maintenance, servicing, insurance, CAA approval for non-UK registered aircraf, etc)
# Use of aerodromes - licence and unlicensed
# Planning and briefing facilities
# Test fees
# Delays, rescheduling, rebooking

Day 2

Review of previous day's training

Purpose of test
# Initial class or type rating
# Revalidation or renewal of a class or type rating
# Schedule and format - sections and items to include
# Profile (order of events) and selection of route
# Oral examination

Examiner briefing format and techniques (practical training)
# Initial briefing
# Applicant planning
# Main briefing
# Aide memoire
Sample briefings by tutor
Practice briefings by CRE applicant - review

Conduct of flight exercises
# Examiner conduct (acting as passenger, keeping notes, directing the sequence of events, intervention, briefing, lookout)
# Handling of simulated emergencies and abnormal procedures (scenario, realism, safety)
# Termination of flight test
# Repeat manoeuvres
# Use of GPS, autopilot, flight director (where fitted)
# Tests/checks in aircraft with:
Single Power Lever Control (SPLC)
Integrated instrument/avionics displays
Electronic Flight Instruments System (EFIS)
Traffic Information Service (TIS)
Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS)
Terrain Awareness and Warning System (TAWS)

Actions after flight (practical training):
# Assessing performance against requirements
# Identifying, assessing and debriefing CRM and TEM
# Giving the result
# Debriefing techniques, technical errors, non-technical errors, facilitation
# Failure of proficiency checks - privileges affected, appeals procedure
# Re-test requirements
# Re-training (recommended or mandatory)
# Completion of test report form and licence / log book entries
# Statistical records - data protection
Sample debriefing by tutor
Practice debriefing by CRE applicant – review

Day 3 (OPC training)

OPC requirements (examiners seeking OPC privileges only)
# Company Operations Manual Part D
# EU-OPS associated AMC, GM and Temporary Guidance Leaflets (TGL) e.g. TGL 44
# Demonstration of knowledge (Question and Answer)
# CRMI training - assessment of non-technical skills and facilitation debriefing techniques

Practice OPC by CRE applicant with tutor acting as test candidate – review

Day 4 (IRR training)

Demonstration of knowledge and understanding specific to IR/EIR:
# EASA Part-FCL, the Aircrew Regulation, including associated AMC, GM and Appendices 7, 8 and 9
# UK ANO - articles and schedules related to aircraft operation under IFR and licence privileges
# ICAO Annex 1 with regard to the IR
# ICAO Procedures for Air Navigation Services (PANS) - Training (Doc 9868)
# Foreign licence (ICAO) IR conversion
# IFR procedures - PANS-OPS, Continuous Descent Final Approach (CDFA), Temporary Guidance Leaflets (TGL) - TGL44, EASA Part NCO, NCC, SPA, SPO, CAT including AMC and GM (as applicable)
# Interpretation of UK AIP terminal charts and approach plates and proprietary plates (Jeppesen/Navtech)
# CAP 804 - IR (Restricted)/IMC Rating, Credits for UK Armed Forces
# CAP 393 ANO - IR (Restricted)/IMC Rating
# CAA Communication - Safety Directive; Safety Notice; Information Notice

Flight test documentation and administration:
# For renewal of lapsed IR/EIR - course completion certificate and recommendation for test
# IR/EIR test/check report forms - revalidation/renewal proficiency check plus examiner's record
# IR(Restricted)/IMC Rating report forms
# Aircraft documents and certificates, servicing, maintenance, insurance

Day 5 (IRR training)

Review of previous training

Arrangements for the conduct of IR proficiency checks and IR(Restricted)/IMC Rating flight tests:
# Booking and arranging proficiency checks and IR(Restricted)/IMC Rating flight tests
# Acceptable means of restricting external vision

Purpose of test:
# Revalidation or renewal of an IR/EIR/IR(Restricted)/IMC Rating
# Stand alone IR/EIR
# Combined class/type and IR/EIR
# Cross crediting of the IR
# IR revalidations/renewals for pilots holding a multi-crew IR

And for each of the above:
# Schedule and format (sections and items to include)
# Profile (order of events, selection of route, selection of procedures, selection of approach aids)
# Oral examination

Day 6 (IRR training)

Conduct of Flight Exercises:
# Simulating instrument failure (limited/partial panel) and setting up unusual attitudes
# Repeat manoeuvres
# Partial, incomplete and incomplete partial tests
# Use of GPS en-route
# GNSS approaches
# Items flown IFR which comprise parts of the class rating test
# Use of flight director and autopilot for revalidation and renewal
# Tests/checks in technically advanced aircraft (SLPC, integrated instrument/avionic (EFIS) displays, TIS, TCAS, TAWS, etc)
# Differences between SE and ME tests

Conduct of checks in FNPT II or FFS:
* What is permitted
* Role of the examiner
* Operating the FNPT II or FFS
* Generating and maintaining a sense of realism (Met, NOTAM, pre-flight planning, use of headsets)

Breifing for the CRE with IRR assessment of competence

CRE with IRR Assessment of Competence

On successful completion of the training a recommendation will be made for the applicant to complete the assessment of competence. This must be carried out within 6 months of completion of the training. Failure to do so will result in the need for extra training
The applicant will be required to conduct a class/type proficiency check including IR renewal with a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner acting as the test applicant

Applicants wishing both SE and ME privileges will be required to conduct the proficiency check in the complex aeroplane, normally a ME aeroplane

Applicants adding ME privileges to a CRE certificate will only be required to conduct a ME class/type proficiency check including IR renewal

The class/type/IR skill test/proficiency check schedule is given below

Where OPC privileges are sought an additional assessment of competence will be conducted as an observed OPC in accordance with the Company Operations Manual Part D. Applicants seeking privileges to conduct OPC will also be required to demonstrate skills as a CRMI

Class/Type/IR Skill Test/Proficiency Check Schedule

Section 1 Departure
Pre-flight including: Documentation, NOTAM, Mass and Balance, Weather briefing
Pre-start checks: External and Internal
Engine Starting: Normal and Malfunctions
Pre-departure checks: Engine run-up (if applicable)
Take-off procedure: Normal with Flight Manual flap settings, Crosswind (if conditions available)
Climbing: Vx / Vy, Turns onto headings, Level off
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 2 Airwork (VMC)
Straight and level flight at various airspeeds including flight at critically low airspeed with and without flaps (including approach to Vmca when applicable)
Steep turns: 360º left and right at 45º bank
Stalls and recovery:
(i) Clean stall
(ii) Approach to stall in descending turn with bank with approach configuration and power
(iii) Approach to stall in landing configuration and power
(iv) Approach to stall, climbing turn with take-off flap and climb power (SE only)
Handling using autopilot and flight director (may be conducted in Section 3) (if applicable)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 3A En-Route Procedures (VFR)
(This section is not flown for CRE with IRR)

Section 3B Instrument Flight
Departure IFR
En-route IFR
Holding procedures
ILS to DH(A) of 200 ft (60m) or to procedure minima (autopilot may be used to glideslope intercept)
Non-precision approach to MDH(A) and map
Flight exercises including: Simulated failure of the compass and attitude indicator, Rate 1 turns, Recoveries from unusual attitudes
Failure of localiser or glideslope
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 4 Arrival and Landings
Aerodrome arrival procedure
Normal landing
Flapless landing
Crosswind landing (if suitable conditions)
Approach and landing with idle power from up to 2000 ft above the runway (SE only)
Go-around from minimum height
Night go-around and landing (if applicable)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 5 Abnormal and Emergency Procedures
(This section may be combined with sections 1 through 4)
Rejected take-off at a reasonable speed
Simulated engine failure after take-off (SE only)
Simulated forced landing without power (SE only)
Simulated emergencies: Fire or smoke in flight, System’s malfunctions as appropriate
Engine shutdown and restart at a safe altitude if performed in an aeroplane (ME only)
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure

Section 6 Simulated Asymmetric Flight
(This section may be combined with sections 1 through 5)
Simulated engine failure during take-off (at a safe altitude unless carried out in FFS or FNPT II)
Asymmetric approach and go-around
Asymmetric approach and full stop landing
ATC liaison - Compliance, R/T procedure


36 months


(a) Conduct 2 skill tests/proficiency checks/assessments of competence within each year of the validity of the certificate

(b) Conduct 1 test in the final year as an observed or dummy test with a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner

(c) Attend an examiner seminar in the final year of validity of the certificate


(a) Complete a skill test/proficiency check/assessment of competence as an observed or dummy test with a CAA Staff FE or senior examiner

(b) Attend an examiner seminar

Privileges (CRE with IRR)

Conduct skill tests for the issue of class ratings and SP type ratings (except for SP HPCA type ratings)

Conduct proficiency checks for revalidation and renewal of IR, EIR, IMC/IR(Restricted), class ratings and SP type ratings (except for SP HPCA type ratings) (see note)

Sign certificates in respect of IR, EIR, IMC/IR(Restricted), class ratings and SP type ratings for revalidation or renewal (see note)

Conduct OPC (when training and the assessment of competence includes OPC)

Conduct tests and checks in a FSTD (when training and the assessment of competence includes an FSTD)

Note: Only UK CAA issued CRE with IRR will be given the privilege to conduct IMC/IR(Restricted) tests


CAP 393 Air Navigation Order (ANO)
CAA Flight Examiners Handbook (FEH)
EASA Flight Examiners Manual (FEM)
CAA Standards Documents 14, 21
CAP 804
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1178/2011
Part CAT, NCC, NCO, SPO, SPA including associated AMC and GM


On-Track Aviation Limited: Wellesbourne Mountford Aerodrome, Loxley Lane, Wellesbourne, Warwickshire. CV35 9EU, United Kingdom
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